Category Archives: Sharpen Your Skills

All about Personal Essays

A recent New Yorker article announced that “The Personal Essay Boom Is Over.” Magazines aren’t publishing as many personal essays as they used to. Jia Tolentino – author of the piece – offered several reasons why. Many of the essays published during the boom were too personal. Sometimes the accounts were horrifically painful. And some topics were too big for the scope of a personal essay – a problem that Tolentino thinks became particularly troublesome during the last Presidential election.

I read Tolentino’s article with alarm – until I got to the end. I think personal essays are wonderful, and I wish more writers would experiment with them. They’re especially popular with the writing group I facilitate. In fact they’re some of the finest pieces I’ve read over the years that we’ve been meeting and critiquing one another’s work.

So I was relieved when Tolentino ended her article by saying that personal essays are “a valuable on-ramp” for writers – and that she enjoys “watching people try to figure out if they had something to say.” 

I read Tolentino’s article on the train to Savannah. (I had plenty of time to read and think during the eight-hour trip from Central Florida!) My brain kept circling back to a pair of personal essays I’d read in Woman’s Day long ago.  What was that all about? I finally decided that those essays hold an important clue to that “Do I have something to say?” question.

In 1971, Woman’s Day asked two readers to write about shopping for food for their families.  One woman spent lavishly, believing that mealtimes should be about pleasure. The other woman – wife of a minister – focused on economy.

It’s been a long time – but I was able to reread both of those articles online today. A Google search took me to a Seattle curriculum where they’ve been published (with lots of typos that probably crept in during the scanning process) for a course called Food: The Challenge to Manage. If you scroll down to part 13, you can read J.C. Boyd’s article about spending lavishly on wonderful meals for her family. Part 16 – by Jean Saffin – is all about thrift.

Both women wrote about shopping, cooking, and the everyday issues that come up when you’re cooking for a family. Mrs. Extravagant had picky children and a fussy husband whose definition of “vegetable” was limited to potatoes and green beans. Mrs. Thrifty had three children who’d been taught to eat what was on their plates and a husband who valued economy as much as she did.

Sounds dull.

But what shone through those essays were the personalities and lifestyles of the two women and their families. There were quirks. Despite her “money-is-no-object” philosophy, Mrs. Extravagant had to buy margarine because her husband and children didn’t like butter. Mrs. Thrifty’s kids wanted to be like their friends, so she had to buy snacks for their school lunches.

Mrs. Extravagant wrote about following in the footsteps of her mother, who once wore out a stove because she enjoyed cooking so much. Mrs. Thrifty learned authentic Chinese cooking from her mother-in-law, who had lived in China when she was a missionary. Mrs. Extravagant served liver once a year when her husband was away on business. Mrs. Thrifty never served it (“I flunked,” she confessed.)

*  *  *  *  * 

During that long train ride, I thought about Charlie and me and our love of trains. OK, we’re not very interesting people. Still, you could have learned a lot about us if you’d sat in a nearby seat in that train car. We boarded the train with a framed picture we’d bought in Savannah (a picture of a bluegill that Charlie spotted in an antique store.) We kept checking the time to find out when the dining car opened for lunch. Charlie helped another passenger put her suitcase on the luggage rack.

We did a lot of reading. We did a lot of talking. After lunch we both took cups of coffee back to our seats. Charlie went online several times to look for updates about the Las Vegas hockey expansion draft. Neither of us did any texting, and we didn’t make a single phone call.

Nothing exciting there! But those details about this-is-who-we-are and this-is-how-we-live are the raw materials for personal essays.

*  *  *  *  * 

Now I want to go back to Jia Tolentino’s comment about “watching people try to figure out if they had something to say.” I think Mrs. Extravagant and Mrs. Thrifty are two women who figured it out. It’s not just that they spent a lot of time thinking about feeding their families. They were also able to dig into their values, habits, and challenges; organize them; and write them up in readable personal essays. Mrs. Extravagant sometimes had the voice and style of a stand-up comedian! I’d love to know what her life was like after she published in Woman’s Day. Mrs. Thrifty’s writing is less polished, but she seemed more honest and real.

What’s important to you? Do you ever watch yourself living your life? Do you enjoy digging into your values, habits, and challenges? You might find yourself writing a personal essay that readers will remember years later.

It sounds like an experiment worth trying.


Short Pencil Point Deviant Art ok

Instant Quiz ANSWER

Here’s a simple rule for placing apostrophes correctly: Put the apostrophe after the last letter of the word or name.

Let’s try it with today’s possessive word: children. The last letter is “n.” So: children‘s.

I enjoy hearing the children’s voices from the nearby playground.

What Your English Teacher Didn’t Tell You is available in paperback and Kindle formats from and other online booksellers.
What Your English Teacher Cover not compressed
“A useful resource for both students and professionals” – Jena L. Hawk, Ph.D., Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College

“Personable and readable…Jean knows her subject forwards and backwards.” – Adair Lara, author of Hold Me Close, Let Me Go



Charlie and I are back in Savannah! We always ask for the same room in the same bed-and-breakfast. We always eat at Clary’s. We always take the Dolphin Magic boat ride. We’ve never lived here, but these trips to Savannah always feel like a homecoming.

Even the train rides here and back are fun. On one recent trip we decided to fly home rather than board a train at the ungodly hour of 6:40 AM. The trek through Atlanta Airport to our connecting flight turned out to be an ordeal, and we both decided that maybe getting up early wasn’t so bad after all. So on this trip we’ll be having breakfast on the train – maybe lunch too.

I find it odd that I – a big-city girl at heart – love this small Southern city so much. I can imagine myself living here, walking through Forsyth Park every morning, strolling down to the Riverfront to watch the container ships cruising back and forth, and then stopping at Leopold’s afterwards for ice cream. I wonder if the people who really do live in Savannah know how lucky they are.

* * * * * *

Writers need to be experts at switching identities. The mature me can look at Savannah with wise eyes and appreciate its history and charm – and my inner Peter Pan can have a wonderful time watching the container ships traveling back and forth along the Savannah River.

It was a delightful surprise to find out that my 84-year-old ballet teacher loves Savannah as much as I do. We were chatting and comparing notes, and I expected her to say something about Savannah’s beautiful parks and fascinating history.

“I like to watch the container ships,” was her comment. Seems she’s been able to keep in touch with her inner Peter Pan too. Good for her – and  good for us.

(Incidentally, she’s a terrific writer.)

Forsyth Park, Savannah

                       Forsyth Park, Savannah


The Ultimatum

The older I get, the more amazed I am by everything that’s packed into our language. Let me amend that…packed into every language.

Great writers and thinkers can take a familiar word – one you and I have seen many times – and help us uncover meanings and implications we’ve never seen before. Playwright Bernard Shaw was a master at this. So was theologian Paul Tillich (I’m thinking of what he did with words like “grace,” “salvation,” and “sin.”)

Today I want to talk about a recent Washington Post advice column by Carolyn Hax that started me thinking about one of those familiar words. A woman wrote in because she was getting tired of waiting for a marriage proposal. Her beloved was a married man, they’d been together a long time, and he’d made many promises and declarations of love – but he was still legally married. The letter writer said she was thinking about giving him an ultimatum.

Here’s what Hax told her: “Ultimatums are a lousy decision-making strategy because they shift responsibility for your choices onto someone else. ‘If you [act], then I [react].'” She told the woman to take an honest look at the relationship and make a decision on her own: keep waiting, or leave.

I started thinking about a time when I too was thinking about delivering an ultimatum. It was long ago when I was committed heart-and-soul to an organization that didn’t seem to care much about me and my feelings.

I debated for a long time about laying down an either-or choice – “Fix this stuff, or I’m quitting” – and finally decided on a different route. I resigned. If they really wanted me to stay (as they’d assured me several times), the next move was up to them.

What happened next was…nothing.

It was a hard decision for me because I had a bright future with the group, despite the problems. Today, with the benefit of hindsight, I’m glad I took that step, and I also know that the person causing most of the problems was an alcoholic.

Back to ultimatums. It would have made a huge difference if I’d had Carolyn Hax standing by my shoulder to tell me that ultimatums always mean giving the final decision to the other person. I wasn’t thinking that clearly, and all I had to guide me was my gut.

* * * * * * * * * *

Our love of writing gives people like you and me an extraordinary opportunity to share our knowledge and experience with others. The trick – of course – is to get their attention. The more I read Carolyn Hax, the more dissatisfied I am with conventional advice columnists. Halfway through most letters I can predict what they’re going to say.

With Carolyn Hax, however, I almost never know what direction she’s going to take. If you can bring that same freshness to your own writing, you’re going to build your own loyal readership. Can you take a familiar word – airplane, Christmas, love, cat, breakfast – and bring it to life in a way your readers aren’t expecting?

Not easy to do – but a goal worth striving for!



The Debate about the Exclamation Point

I often hear questions about the exclamation point. I always respond that it’s an informal punctuation mark that rarely finds its way into formal writing. Professional writers reserve exclamation marks for two uses: dialogue and less formal writing situations (like this blog!).

My friend Margaret Swanson just sent me a wonderful article arguing for a more liberal attitude towards the exclamation mark. The article comes from a quality source – The Fresh Air radio show on NPR. You can read it here: Geoff Nunberg is an excellent writer who makes a convincing case.

Here’s what struck me, however: He employed the exclamation point only once in his article! So he’s transmitting a mixed message.

Still, it’s worth reading and pondering. (If you’re thinking that I deliberately inserted two exclamation marks into today’s blog…you’re right! Make that three of them.)


How to Add Value – and Sales – to Your Book

This post is for anyone who’s well on the way to completing a book. Here’s a book marketing strategy you should consider: Adding an extra feature at the end of your book to attract more buyers.

One possibility is to insert a Discussion Guide for book clubs. These are informal groups that get together once a month or so to discuss a book they’ve all chosen to read. Book clubs are everywhere (I belong to one myself, and the library in my town sponsors not one but two of them.)

You may have heard of a book called Divine Secrets of the Ya-Ya Sisterhood by Rebecca Wells. When it was first published, sales were slow – nobody expected it to become a bestseller. But then book clubs began talking about it, and soon Rebecca Wells was on her way to fame and a series of successful novels.

Another terrific strategy for book marketing is to create a Study Guide for schools, churches, clubs, and similar groups. Teachers and program directors are always looking for materials to use with their members. Wouldn’t it be wonderful if your book caught on with them? 

First – of course – you have to figure out how to create your Discussion or Study Guide. Suggestion: go to your library – or to a bookstore – to see what other authors have done. (You might be surprised how often I thumb through a book or article similar to what I’m writing to see how another author solved a problem.)

And there are other possibilities. When I wrote my police report book, I supplemented it with a free instructor’s manual and free videos. Those are wonderful marketing tools. My book What Your English Teacher Didn’t Tell You also has free supplementary videos. They’re fun to make, and each video ends with a short plug for my book.

Even if you’re lucky enough to have a commercial publisher, you’re going to need to do much of the marketing yourself. When you think about it, that’s a good thing. Who knows your book better than you do? No one!


Start a Blog!

Last month I urged you to make it easy for readers to find you online. Don’t procrastinate just because you haven’t published a book yet. You need to start building an audience before your book goes on sale.

One of the best ways to reach potential readers is through a blog. There are many advantages:

  • Google will send readers your way – free of charge
  • You’ll get a lot of writing practice
  • You’ll get useful feedback from readers
  • You may be able to repurpose some of your posts as a book
  • You can make useful connections with other writers
  • You can make money

I’ve used my own blogs to do everything on this list.

So how do you get started? I just came across a website that offers excellent instructions – free! – for setting up a blog. Go to and click the Start a Blog link.

The big question – of course – is what to blog about. If you’re writing a nonfiction book, the answer is easy: blog about your topic. I use a blog about police reports to publicize – what else! – a book I’ve written about police reports. Where do I get content? I’ve set up a free Google Alert that sends me a daily email with links to recent articles about police reports. I also look for newspaper and TV news items that might interest the cops who read my blog.

But what if you write fiction? There are still numerous possibilities for a blog. One approach is to blog about the theme of your novel. If it’s an espionage novel, you could blog about espionage news stories. The same principle applies to family life, a foreign country, a historical period, or a topic like bullying, higher education, Hollywood…you get the idea.

Or you could use your blog to brand yourself (something you should be doing anyway!). You can write posts about your everyday life, your interests, and your reactions to current happenings in the news and popular culture.

Here’s an example of what you might do (with the help of a little imagination!). My friend Coach Sokolove from Field Training Associates just sent me a link to an article about the unfolding James Comey story. (Comey is the former FBI chief who testified before Congress this week.) Although this is a political story, Beth Skwarecki turned it into a how-to article about becoming a better writer.

Tips for Bloggers

  • keep your posts short (a rule I regularly break, alas!)
  • post a picture with every post (making sure you’re not violating copyright)
  • make sure your typeface is large enough for easy reading (I use Georgia 12)
  • keep paragraphs short
  • avoid stating polarizing opinions about politics and religion that might turn off potential readers
  • keep your posts fresh – avoid telling readers what they already know
  • post often
  • use the preview feature for proofreading (it’s saved me from zillions of errors)
  • respond warmly to readers who post comments on your blog

Making Money

Your primary goal will be to sell books. But an active blog may also help you land consulting jobs (it’s happened to me) and make connections to other professionals who may turn out to be terrific resources. (Cherish those people! They’re solid gold.)

Many bloggers make money by posting ads on their websites. If you don’t want to clutter your blog with ads and pop-ups, there’s another way – and it’s easy and free: You can become an Amazon Associate. Every time someone clicks a link on your blog and makes a purchase, you’ll earn a small payment. Over time they add up!



Are You All Right?

There was a small earthquake last month that you probably didn’t notice. My May 21 post featured this list of problematic words:

So what was the earthquake? Here it is: After 30 years of railing against the common one-word spelling, I finally removed all right from the list.

The turning point for me was a blog post from James Harbeck that made these sensible points:

  1.  There are two possible meanings of all right, so it makes sense to have two spellings.

Your answers on the test were all right.

If you’re feeling all right tomorrow, we’ll go shopping. 

2.  We already have two spellings of all ready for the same reason.

Your hotel room is all ready for you.

I already made the reservation for our hotel room.

3.  The one-word spelling has been around for 100 years.

4.  Use of the one-word spelling has increased 500% since 1960.

You’ll notice that nowhere in this post have I written the one-word version of all right. There are limits to how much I can stretch! To me it still looks like a misspelling, and I still get that shake-a-finger-at-you impulse.

But I did revise my list, and I’m really pleased that James Harbeck made such a sensible case for the change. If you have time to read his post, it’s a model of thoughtful decision-making about English usage.

The times, they are a-changin’ – as they always have and always will, at least as far as language is concerned! 


More about Writing for an Audience

Last week I offered some useful advice about writing for an audience. Here’s a recap:

  1. Put yourself in your readers’ shoes.
  2. Think about a living person you know who’s similar to your imaginary audience. Write for that person.
  3. Figure out what your audience already knows about your topic. Be prepared to fill in the rest of the background they’ll need, and do it early.
  4. When you get to the editing stage, reread your piece slowly, looking for any words your readers might not understand. Delete them (or insert clues to their meaning).
  5. Ask a friend or family member outside your field to read your piece and give you feedback.

But let’s say you’re already well versed in these principles. Is there anything else you need to know about writing for an audience?

Yes. What sets truly great writers apart is their ability to touch a reader’s mind, heart, and soul. Please don’t dismiss that as a platitude! It’s much harder than it sounds.

Every good writer I know is a great observer of human nature and human behavior. Good writers are good listeners, and they have an inexhaustible curiosity about other people (a trait that’s quite different from ordinary noisiness, by the way.)

My husband is a huge fan of Georges Simenon (1903-1989), a Belgian novelist who is still one of the world’s bestselling writers. True story: A prestigious writing organization once selected Simenon to receive its highest award. The award dinner was held at a fancy hotel, and of course Simenon was the center of attention.

But when the time came for the award presentation, he was nowhere to be found. A search committee was hastily rounded up to bring him back to the banquet room.

They found Simenon sitting in a quiet corner in the lobby where he could watch the hotel guests coming and going. When they asked why he wasn’t at the banquet, he explained that he liked to observe people and had learned a lot that way. His people-watching habit was more important to him than the award.

Can you learn a lesson from this story? Answer: we all can. How do I know that? Because I often think about this story, and I’m still learning from Simenon’s example. Try it!

             Georges Simenon


Learning from Children’s Literature

Although I have three degrees in English literature, I once spent about six months teaching second grade in an elementary school. That’s when I discovered the joys of books like Danny and the Dinosaur and Little Bear. Story time was always one of the highlights of the daily routine in my classroom.

But since then I haven’t had many encounters with books for children. So it was delightful to read a wonderful New Yorker article about Maurice Sendak (author of Where the Wild Things Are and illustrator of the Little Bear books).

I wasn’t surprised when Sendak – unmarried and childless – said that he tapped into his own early years in order to write his books for children. But what set me reeling was something else Sendak said:

“You see, I don’t believe, in a way, that the kid I was grew up into me. He still exists somewhere, in the most graphic, plastic, physical way. It’s as if he had moved somewhere. I have a tremendous concern for him and interest in him. I communicate with him—or try to—all the time. One of my worst fears is losing contact with him.”

I’d thought that only Jungian psychologists believed in that notion of multiple selves – but here was a children’s author sounding like my favorite psychologist, James Hillman!

I think Hillman (and Sendak) are right, and I know – for example – that I share my soul with a giggling eight-year-old who thinks Danny’s adventures with his dinosaur friend are absolutely hilarious. At other times I become my mother, my favorite high-school English teacher, a testy adolescent – you get the idea. They all jostle with one another for my attention, and things can get pretty crazy. Fascinating! (By the way – you, reading this, have your own cast of characters who enjoy disrupting your life.)

But right now I want to focus  on that giggling eight-year-old. What if you’re someone (like me) who doesn’t write for children? Is there any reason for me to keep in touch with that I-won’t-grow-up part of myself?

Yes – and to explain, I’m going to take a detour into postmodern language theory. People are complicated beings – there’s no such thing as “simplicity” when you’re describing human personalities and behavior. And language is just as complex. No matter how hard you try to stick to one idea when you’re writing, other elements, themes, and issues are going to find their way into your words. More than once I’ve written a piece that horrified me when it was published:  I’d given away some of my secrets without knowing what I was doing!

If you respect your own complex cast of characters, you can channel some of their vitality into your writing. I’m thinking of a book I loved reading three years ago: Walden on Wheels: On The Open Road from Debt to Freedom. It’s a true story: Ken Ilungas longed to go to graduate school, but he’d already struggled to pay off a $32,000 student loan and didn’t want to go down that road again. His solution was to buy a beat-up van, park it on a side street near Duke University, and live there until he finished his graduate program.

I found myself thinking wistfully about Walden on Wheels just the other day. What an adventure he had! By contrast, here’s what my life has been like lately: I keep track of our condo fees and phone bills, get my teeth cleaned every three months, and make sure I return my library books on time. I watch TV on a schedule. I have such a reputation for punctuality that my dance teachers call my cell phone if I’m two minutes late for a lesson. (I am not making that up.)

Wouldn’t it be wonderful to wear jeans every day, wander into the college library any time I felt like it (even at 2 AM), and be so untethered that nobody knew – or cared -where I was or what I was doing?

Well, not really. To put it another way: The Grown-up Jean who’s in charge of my life most of the time wants marriage, healthy teeth, predictability, and financial stability.

But tucked away somewhere in my soul is a little girl who loved The Boxcar Children (last year I read it again!) and would have adored sharing the freedom and adventures of those four children – for a little while, anyway. (I should explain that The Boxcar Children is a classic book about four orphaned children who find out that they’re going to be placed in separate foster homes. They slip away at nightfall and find an abandoned boxcar where they can stay together.)

Gee whiz. Of course I loved Walden on Wheels! In a way it’s just The Boxcar Children all over again, rewritten for an adult audience.

I don’t care how smart and sophisticated you are. If you go back to reread one of your favorite books, I predict that you’re going to catch a whiff of another you. Maybe it’s a daredevil, a diva, a saint, or a would-be movie star – or someone else who’s both unknown to you and yet amazingly familiar.

Homework assignment: Make a list of the books you’ve loved. (They don’t have to be written for children, and don’t limit yourself to titles that are considered great literature!) Then go back over the list and think about the person within you who loved each book. Think of ways to connect with that person. Dive into that person’s energy, enthusiasms, yearnings, and fears. Then start thinking about ways to bring all that vitality into your writing.

Your readers will love you for it.

The Boxcar Children

            The Boxcar Children