Can you correct the error in the sentence below? Scroll to the bottom of today’s post for the answer.
For three hours I waited by the phone, but noone called to volunteer for the committee.
Here are five grammar rules you’re probably not going to find anywhere else, for a very good reason: I made them up. They’re neither official nor foolproof, but most of the time they work great for me.
1. Avoid the word “reason.”
Of course “reason” is a useful and perfectly good word. But it often gums up sentences. Safe bet: Try rewriting the sentence without it.
Her reason for skipping church this morning was that she hadn’t slept well. AWKWARD
She skipped church this morning because she hadn’t slept well. BETTER
2. Don’t start a sentence with “by.”
Good writers start sentences with “by” all the time. I do it too. But student writers tend to come up with something messy like this:
By going to bed early helped me feel rested for the big test. WRONG
This version would be better:
By going to bed early, I felt rested for the big test. BETTER
But why take a chance? Cross out “by” and rewrite the sentence:
Going to bed early helped me feel rested for the big test. BETTER
3. Avoid using more than three commas in a sentence.
In the real world there’s no limit to the number of commas you can use. But once you insert your fourth comma, you’re likely to have a complicated sentence.
And once a sentence gets complicated, there’s a good chance than an error or two will creep in. Keep your sentences simple.
4. Avoid “being.”
If “being” finds its way into one of your sentences, consider getting rid of it. It’s another word that often gums up a sentence.
I experienced many challenges while being a substitute teacher. AWKWARD
Substitute teaching was a challenging experience for me. BETTER
5. Don’t let a comma touch the word “that.”
Any English teacher or professional writer reading this can probably come up with forty or fifty sentences with a comma next to “that” in no time at all. (I know this is true because I can do it myself.) I’m standing my ground, however.
Most of the time it’s wrong to put a comma right in front of – or in back of – that. This timesaving rule has saved me from many comma errors.
Instant Quiz ANSWER
No one is two words:
For three hours I waited by the phone, but no one called to volunteer for the committee.
What Your English Teacher Didn’t Tell You is available in paperback and Kindle formats from Amazon.com and other online booksellers.
“A useful resource for both students and professionals” – Jena L. Hawk, Ph.D., Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College
“Personable and readable…Jean knows her subject forwards and backwards.” – Adair Lara, author of Hold Me Close, Let Me Go